Mod_rewrite, Vhosts, And Errorlog

Nov 16, 2007

I tried searching the forums a bit and the Apache manual, but I was unable to find much related to my specific problem.

We have a system such that each user has a 'www' folder in their home directory so that will point to that folder. The user information, however, is not on the www server and instead we use a network file system to access the files in the home folder.

This all works fine and dandy with mod_rewrite. However, we want to allow each user to have access to the error logs, etc. for their own site. The best way to do this seems to simply store it in their home directory.

The problem is that how do you split these files apart. While it would be possible to have a separate process do it, the best way seems to just have each user be their own vhost. mod_vhost_alias seems to be applicable in this situation.

However, mod_vhost_alias relies on either the Host: field or the ip to split queries into their respective vhosts. As said before, our system uses the directory.

So the question is, is there a way to either use mod_rewrite to tell mod_vhost_alias what the vhost's name is. Or, is there a way to split the logs another way.

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Apache VHosts Error

Nov 13, 2007

I've been having some trouble with Apache 2.0 recently. Whenever I load somewhere between 200 and 230 virtual hosts into Apache's config (as per my hosting control panel), Apache will fail to restart when the command "apache2ctl restart" is run. The command "/etc/init.d/apache2 restart" fails as well. All it does is signal all child processes of Apache to be terminated and fail to start again.

Here's what the log has to say:

[Tue Nov 13 19:04:18 2007] [notice] SIGHUP received. Attempting to restart
[Tue Nov 13 19:04:18 2007] [notice] seg fault or similar nasty error detected in the parent process
Is it that Apache is too bloated with vhosts to restart or is it something else?

FYI, I'm running Debian 3.1 (Sarge).

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Apache 2.2 Can't Handle Vhosts

Mar 25, 2007

Either Apache 2.2 can't handle vhosts or I don't get apache anymore.

Have a look at the conf files (I stripped out all the commented lines):

ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"

Listen 80

LoadModule authn_file_module modules/
LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/
LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/
LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/
LoadModule authn_default_module modules/
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/
LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/
LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/
LoadModule authz_default_module modules/
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/
LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/
LoadModule dbd_module modules/
LoadModule dumpio_module modules/
LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/
LoadModule include_module modules/
LoadModule filter_module modules/
LoadModule deflate_module modules/
LoadModule log_config_module modules/
LoadModule logio_module modules/
LoadModule env_module modules/
LoadModule expires_module modules/
LoadModule headers_module modules/
LoadModule ident_module modules/
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/
LoadModule mime_module modules/
LoadModule dav_module modules/
LoadModule status_module modules/
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/
LoadModule asis_module modules/
LoadModule info_module modules/
LoadModule cgi_module modules/
LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/
LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/
LoadModule dir_module modules/
LoadModule imagemap_module modules/
LoadModule actions_module modules/
LoadModule speling_module modules/
LoadModule userdir_module modules/
LoadModule alias_module modules/
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/
LoadModule php5_module modules/

<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
User apache
Group apache


DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs"

<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
Order deny,allow
Deny from all

<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php

<FilesMatch "^.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All

ErrorLog logs/error_log

LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b" common

<IfModule logio_module>
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i" %I %O" combinedio

CustomLog logs/access_log common

<IfModule alias_module>
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin/"

<IfModule cgid_module>

<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mime_module>
TypesConfig conf/mime.types
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin

NameVirtualHost *:80

DocumentRoot /home/reflextest/public_html
<Directory "/home/reflextest/public_html">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
ErrorLog logs/
CustomLog logs/ common
( is the correct IP). The <Directory "/home/reflextest/public_html">...</Directory> part does not make any difference

ls -lR reflextest/
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 reflextest apache 4096 Mar 25 04:50 public_html

total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 reflextest apache 22 Mar 25 04:50 index.html
This is a source compile of apache. See for yourself: [url]

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Out Of File Handles Because Of ErrorLogs In Vhosts

Mar 16, 2008

I have hundreds of sites on a server running Plesk. When I try to add more, Apache refuses to start, because it is out of file handles.

It is out of file handles because Plesk includes a custom ErrorLog and CustomLog in every vhost config file it makes. I tried overriding them with a vhost.conf file, but am not sure how to unset set options. I also tried pointing all the same ErrorLogs to the same file, but that didn't seem to do anything.

Does anyone know how I can either log everything to a single file, or just shut off logging? I really never use logging, and it seems like it would save me progressing power and storage (not to mention file handles!) if I could just disable it.

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Plesk 12.x / Linux :: Vhosts On One Of Two IP Addresses

Dec 1, 2014

I have a Problem with my VHosts on one of two IP addresses. One IP is dedicated and works well

The other IP is shared. Since two days every call to one of the websites of this share ip goes to the Plesk Default Website. I tried to reconfigure single sites and all sites (/usr/local/psa/admin/bin/httpdmng --reconfigure-all), nothing works and restarting apache shows some warnings.

apache2ctl -S shows the following lines:


[Mon Dec 01 19:56:08 2014] [warn] VirtualHost overlaps with VirtualHost, the first has precedence, perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost directive
[Mon Dec 01 19:56:08 2014] [warn] VirtualHost overlaps with VirtualHost, the first has precedence, perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost directive

[Code] ....

In an other thread I found a possible solution for the overlapping vhosts. The problem there seems to be a missing ssl-certificate and that matches with the situation on my server. After copying any other certificate-file as the one with the missing filename the apache starts without any warnings, but after that all websites (the sites from the dedicated ip too) only shows the apache default site ("it works"). I Tried to reconfigure single sites and all sites (/usr/local/psa/admin/bin/httpdmng --reconfigure-all), nothing works.

The server is hosted by STRATO, so there are daily backups. I turned back one week (the problem exists since two days). Then for some hours all works fine but suddenly all the sites on the ip get broken again and shows only plesks default page.

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Apache: Load Vhosts From MySQL Database

Jun 21, 2008

if it was possible to load vhosts from a MySQL database and the only solutions i found didnt work for me. Im running Apache on Windows. Has anyone seen anything that would work with Windows? The only alternative i can think of is to read the database info using PHP and output it to a vhosts config file. I dont want to do that though because it means restarting the server to load the new config and i hear that a lot of vhosts slows the server down

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Apache :: Setting Up Vhosts In Conf File

Mar 15, 2013

I work for a start up as well as do independent consulting. I had a friend set up my apache server initially for the start up. It's been running fine. Now I want to host a client's site on the same server. I tired just adding a vhost section at the bottom of the conf file, but it said that I was running two sites off the same port. I tried manipulating the stuff my buddy did for me for the first site, then putting two vhosts on the bottom, but that just didn't work.

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Apache :: Times Out When Multiple Vhosts Are In Place

Apr 21, 2015

when I had multiple (at least 5) vhosts set to Apache when it just hanged, this was fixed adding:

Acceptfilter http none
Acceptfilter https none

To my httpd.conf, but now it's not hanging, it just times out, I get no error, nothing in the error.log file, it just times out.

After doing a refresh, it comes back like nothing happened.

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Plesk 12.x / Linux :: Move Vhosts Error 403

Oct 30, 2014

We are using a server with Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and Plesk 12. When installing plesk, the vhosts directory is automatically created in /var/www/vhosts . Our problem is that /var is on a 120 GB SSD drive. We would like to move it to /data, which is a 2 TB drive. Whenever we used:

This KB-Article [URL] .... (exits with errors) this third-party documentation [URL] .... (Which is from a user who has the exact same problem with the same paths) all we get is ERROR 403 on our demo site. The site was created before the move and we also tried to create it after the move. The Plesk installation is fresh out of the box. There were absolutely no changes to the installation. Even the domain default or server default pages will not load anymore.

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Plesk 11.x / Windows :: VHosts - Panel Keep Resetting

Mar 12, 2014

From what I can tell the vhosts on my Plesk Panel keep resetting (I think around once a day), all my webstatistics (AWStats) begin to 404 and I have a Wordpress installed in the root of a domain which is now displaying the "Web Server's Default Page" (any sub-directory of the Wordpress install gives a 404 such as the wp-admin directory). The way I've fixed this temporarily is to run "%plesk_cli%

epair.exe" --update-vhosts-structure. I do not see any errors or warnings in the event viewer or log files.

On another note is there a way to increase the logging for event viewer to include more than just errors (such as informational) to make it easier to track down issues?

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Apache :: Configure A Host To Use Vhosts But Server Keeps Breaking

Aug 29, 2013

I'm trying to configure a host to use vhosts but the server keeps breaking when I uncomment the Include vhosts file line. The apache process starts but none of the hostnames work. When the line is commented out, only the main hostname (defined in httpd.conf) works.

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Plesk 12.x / Linux :: Disable Access Logs For Vhosts?

Mar 4, 2015

We run a high traffic server and the access logs get filled up very quick. I know we could implement rotation, but I would also like to prevent performance loss by having an access log, doesnt matter how marginal that would be.

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Plesk 11.x / Windows :: Change Location Of Vhosts Folder When Creating Domains?

Jun 24, 2013

I have a server with Plesk Panel 11.

When I create a domain, I created the folder:

c: inetpub vhosts.

I need to change the folder, since in that hard drive partition I'm running out of space.

How I can change the location of the folder where Plesk creates domains?

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IIS And Mod_rewrite

Jun 12, 2009

I've just moved a few webistes from Linux to Windows and I'm using IIS to run them. Does anybody know of any free alternatives to ISAPI_REWRITE so I can use mod_rewrite per account?

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Oct 2, 2007

Its October and I have a Server at home with me running NO CONTROL PANEL... I have been using it for 5 years now... But my problem is my mod_rewrite is not working... I have tried fixing it... But I can't find it in the httpd.conf file where I heard it was at... They said it came by default by Apache..

I'm running Apache2.2.4, Fedora Core 7), PHP 5, MySQL 5.... I don't see the mod_rewrite on there....

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Mod_rewrite RewriteMap

Dec 15, 2005

I have a list of categories that i want to rewrite the URL to display the names instead.

I'm using this:
RewriteMap catlist txt:C:/web/apache2/htdocs/catnames.txt
RewriteRule ^/cats/(.*)$ /categories.php?catid=${catlist:$1|0}

catnames.txt consists of
CategoryName 6
AnotherCatName 8
OnemoreCatName 9
and so on.

This works fine on my local windows PC since i'm using httpd.conf to set this up.
When i use this on my server under .htaccess, the error log says "RewriteMap" not allowed here.
I it only to find out that i cant use RewriteMap under .htaccess... Is there any other alternative to achieve this without listing all the category names with corresponding rewriteurl statements in my .htaccess file?

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Installing Mod_rewrite?

Sep 8, 2005

I have installed a Apache server version 1.3.33 on windows XP and would like to enable mod_rewrite so i can rewrite my ugly url´s. How do I install this great feature in Apache so i can test it locally?

Do i just remove # from

#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/
#AddModule mod_rewrite.c

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Mod_rewrite Tracking

May 28, 2008

I've lots of:

[warn] RewriteCond: NoCase option for non-regex pattern '-f' is not supported and will be ignored.
[warn] RewriteCond: NoCase option for non-regex pattern '-d' is not supported and will be ignored.

Any ideas how to track them?

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Does Mod_rewrite Consume RAM?

Oct 24, 2009

does mod-rewrite consume ram?

actually found in new vb discussion of seo friendly urls and mod rewrite was an option for most friendly url, so wanted to know if constant usage of mod-rewrite adds additional load to the server or not?

forum which I and my friends use are pretty big more than 6k in a forum and other above 25k, with 250k posts in 1 forum and 600k posts in the other, so just give me an idea on wat can happen due to constant overwritten?

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Apache And Mod_rewrite

Mar 29, 2009

So I've setup a server heres the spec provided by Webmin

Operating systemUbuntu Linux 8.10

Webmin version1.470

Time on systemSun Mar 29 18:56:12 2009

Kernel and CPULinux 2.6.27-11-server on i686

System uptime5 days, 19 hours, 42 minutes

I'm struggling with mod_rewrite their seems to be no such thing...

Its not mentioned in the apache2.conf or httpd.conf, httpd.conf was blank previously but I added in certain things to get php working but I cannot get mod_rewrite working, which brings the question forward what else am i missing?

I started out with the aim of blocking the ability of viewing directories.


Loaded Modules core mod_log_config mod_logio prefork http_core mod_so mod_alias mod_auth_basic mod_authn_file mod_authz_default mod_authz_groupfile mod_authz_host mod_authz_user mod_autoindex mod_cgi mod_deflate mod_dir mod_env mod_mime mod_negotiation mod_php5 mod_setenvif mod_status mod_vhost_alias

So how can I go about getting mod_rewrite setup and/or what ever else I'm missing that I might find essential later on once I have everything setup?

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Lighttpd Mod_rewrite

May 15, 2009

I am struggling to get this .htaccess file to work with lighttpd, i am not a coder so its very hard for me to fix it, hopefully if someone knows how can tell me how to write rewrite code that will get it working.

1. Comment the 2 lines below if the server returns 500 errors!
Options -Indexes
Options +FollowSymLinks

#Uncomment following lines if you want to use image caching!
#<IfModule mod_expires.c>

1. ExpiresActive On
2. ExpiresDefault A1209600
3. ExpiresByType text/html A1

1. Uncomment following lines if Apache doesnt support MultiViews!
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
1. Uncomment the 2 lines below if you are using # as the baseurl for the site and users access your site # via (THIS IS REQUIRED FOR JQUERY TO WORK)
#RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^ [NC]
#RewriteRule ^(.*)$$1 [L,R=301]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule .* loader.php [L,QSA]

1. Edit below lines and set to
2. ErrorDocument CODE /RELATIVE/error.php
3. If the script is installed in the default document
4. root then relative is null.
#ErrorDocument 401 /error.php
#ErrorDocument 403 /error.php
#ErrorDocument 404 /error.php {/quote}

looks like its calling the rule from loader.php file, now how can i convert this to lighttpd language,

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Php-cgi Isn't Work With Mod_rewrite

Oct 28, 2009

I have been using apache and php-cgi and it works well together but when I tried to use
mod_rewrite it stopped working and I got "Internal Server Error" result.

Apache error log showed "FastCGI: incomplete headers (0 bytes) received from server"

I think that mod_rewrite rules are ok because when I refer to some HTML file then it all works.

Apache 2.2.14 and php 5.2.11

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Mod_Rewrite (Enable It)

Mar 23, 2008

I have a VPS and I need to enable mod_rewrite.

Here is my PHP Info: [url]

I read a tutorial but I just don't get it. I would appreciate if you could help me out.

I need it for my Wordpress blog.

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.htaccess Mod_rewrite

May 28, 2008

I'm trying to redirect everything except the subdomains from an old domain to a new domain. The following appears to work so far:

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$$1 [R=301,L]

But the subdomains also seem to be loading rather slow. Am I doing anything wrong here? Is there any way to optimise or simplify this (I have around 11 subdomains on the old domain)?

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Mod_Rewrite Subdomain

Aug 31, 2007

I am attempting to redirect any subdomain as follows:

subdomain(dot)domain(dot)com to

I am having some issues doing this though. None of the samples online seem to work. Do I need a wildcard subdomain? Do I need to do anything to the dedicated linux server I am on? I have other sites on the same server all using mod_rewrite successfully.

Here is what I have so far:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^w{3}. [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^([^.]+)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*$ /index.php?user=%1 [L]

Is there anything I am missing to get this thing working?

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PHP-cgi Breaks My Mod_rewrite

Aug 13, 2007

I had the sysadmin install SuPHP - so that my upload script would work properly, however now my mod_rewrite is broken.

You can view the problem here: [url]

It is supposed to show the item with id 29, as you can see. However it shows the gallery index (As if /gallery/ was typed in without the view-29)

The .htaccess file:


RewriteEngine On
#This will force trailing slashes
RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -f [OR]
RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -d
RewriteRule .* - [L]

#RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^*(css|png|jpe?g|gif)

RewriteRule ^(.+)/(.+)/?$ $1.php?args=$2 [QSA,L]
RewriteRule ^(.+)$ $1.php [QSA,L,NC]
My very framework relies on the .htaccess working this way... I can turn it off, however I would really rather not - so if you have any idea how I can fix this, please do tell.

And on a related note, is it possible to run PHP under a user and not use cgi_php?

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Mod_rewrite / Lighttpd

Aug 6, 2007

how can I run a equivalent on lighttpd like this:

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /blog/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /blog/index.php [L]

# END WordPress

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Url Rewriting Or Mod_rewrite For IIS

Apr 3, 2007

I've got a big .htaccess file which works brilliantly in mod_rewrite for apache. However, the client I want to use it for uses a windows server which is based on IIS.

Does anyone have experience with rewriting urls on IIS. Is it easy, could I easily change this:

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/(.+).php$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/products.php$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/special-offers.php$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/best-sellers.php$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/spares.php$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/images/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/css/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/components/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/Special_Offers
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/Best_Sellers
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/Spares
RewriteRule ^([^/]+)/?$ products.php?show=cats&main_category=$1

Into something that would work. Someone mentioned using but I've never looked at this before, and can't afford to spend too long this.

Is there a quick/reliable solution (apart from switching webserver).

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Netfirms Finally Has Mod_rewrite!

May 1, 2006

Hey guys... Not sure if this was posted yet, couldn't find anything on a first-glance search.

Netfirms has finally added mod_rewrite capabilities as well as better .htacces support! Now I'm completely happy. I was considering switching over to Dreamhost due to the fact that I've started running blog software and messy URLs = crap. Now there's no need. That was pretty much the only thing that was holding me back from a full endorsement, so if anyone's looking for a good cheap hosting plan, here's some of the stuff that I'm really happy about for $5 a month:

- quick, personal customer service (I think there's only 1 or 2 guys, and they always seem to be able to answer my questions on the spot)

- mod_rewrite
- .htaccess
- reliable clean FTP (no _vti files or other annoying folders like so many companies these days)
- good online knowledgebase
- nice online site stats viewer
- a bunch of other great stuff that I probably have forgotten about or don't use
- only $5!

Just thought I'd share in case the news hadn't spread yet. Not sure when they added it, but I noticed the "NEW" sticker today.

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Mod_rewrite And Boolean Logic?

May 2, 2007

If I want to apply a rule if (Condition A and (Condition B OR Condition C)) is true, will the following work?

RewriteCond Condition A
RewriteCond Condition B [OR]
RewriteCond Condition C

Or will the following?

RewriteCond Condition B [OR]
RewriteCond Condition C
RewriteCond Condition A

Or neither? Or both?

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IIS Equivalent To Apache Mod_rewrite

Jul 14, 2009

I'm moving a framework over to a new server for a client and they're using IIS. Is there an IIS equivalent to the following two lines of mod_rewrite code from Apache?

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ pamwf.php?PAMWF_PATH_QUERY=$1 [L,QSA]

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