Plesk 12.x / Linux :: How To Add Action To Fail2ban
Aug 10, 2014
Well with activated apache-badbots jails I have in a short time a hugh amount of banned IPs. Usualy action for this is to use iptables-ipset-proto and save all this baned IPs in the ipset insteed as normal in the iptables list - thats also a suggestion which was discussed in the fail2ban forum for better performance. And yes I had this running (ipset package installed) with my manual installation of fail2ban before I switched over to the plesk integrated.
action = iptables-ipset-proto6[name=BadBots, port="http,https,7080,7081"] insteed of action = iptables-multiport[name=BadBots, port="http,https,7080,7081"]
So how can I add iptables-ipset-proto4.conf, iptables-ipset-proto6-allports.conf, iptables-ipset-proto6.conf to the plesk version of fail2ban??
So on our server, fail2ban got itself in a mess. Tried various things to fix, to no avail, so figured I'd just do a fresh install of it. There was minimal customisation to it that I couldn't re-do.
Note I'd already rm'd /etc/fail2ban - as on previous attempts, the files in here didn't appear to be restored to their defaults. So I figured removing the directory would force this to happen (Whether this was wise I'm not sure!) ;-)
So, following instructions here: [URL] .... I now get the following:
# wget http://kb.sp.parallels.com/Attachments/kcs-36245/fail2ban.gz # gunzip fail2ban.gz # mv fail2ban /etc/init.d/fail2ban # chmod 755 /etc/init.d/fail2ban # ll /etc/init.d/fail2ban /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.conf ls: cannot access /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.conf: No such file or directory -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2141 Aug 15 2014 /etc/init.d/fail2ban
I then uninstall/reinstall with # /usr/local/psa/admin/bin/autoinstaller
(Have tried via the web interface too)
I then get:
# ll /etc/init.d/fail2ban /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.conf ls: cannot access /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.conf: No such file or directory -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2141 Aug 15 2014 /etc/init.d/fail2ban
i.e., no change..
and if I go to the fail2ban settings in Plesk, I get:
If I go in plesk panel to: Home > Tools & Settings >IP Address Banning > Jails > managing Filters > add filter > type in name & filtercontent and save I get "Information: The jail filter was added". But i can not see the new added filter in the Plesk Filter List (still just the 12 Filters in the list).
On the filesystem > /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/ i can see the new file but with the extension .local - usulay the file is named like xyz.conf
The output of /usr/local/psa/admin/sbin/f2bmng --get-filters-list
I have the problem that the ip blocked "failban" too short (set findtime=1800).
The ip should be blocked for 30 minutes (the second time).
2015-03-23 22:24:59,779 fail2ban.filter : INFO Set maxRetry = 5 2015-03-23 22:24:59,780 fail2ban.filter : INFO Set findtime = 1800 2015-03-23 22:24:59,781 fail2ban.actions: INFO Set banTime = 600
After changing website domain name (from development one -dev-domain.com- to production one) we have this error in fail2ban.log :
2015-02-01 06:46:41,176 fail2ban.filter : ERROR Unable to open /var/www/vhosts/system/dev-domain.com/logs/proxy_access_log 2015-02-01 06:46:41,176 fail2ban.filter : ERROR [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/var/www/vhosts/system/dev-domain.com/logs/proxy_access_log' Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/server/filter.py", line 520, in getFailures has_content = container.open() File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/server/filter.py", line 601, in open self.__handler = open(self.__filename) IOError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/var/www/vhosts/system/dev-domain.com/logs/proxy_access_log'
i'm running 12.0.18#34 on PCS dedicated server. i recently discovered that some of the default jails on fail2ban that is shipped with Plesk 12 were not working correctly. Let me explain what i mean. For instance, the plesk-panel jail. The logs were parsed correctly, the command was successfully appended in iptables list, the fail2ban log was updated. Still, the intruder was not blocked. I kept reading "already banned" on the fail2ban.log but actually there was no blocking.
After some checks, i found out that fail2ban default configuration states SSH as default blocking port. that means, the block was working but only for ssh hits. thus the plesk-panel admin page hits were passing through.
since i added port=http,https on jail.local > plesk-panel and did it a restart on fail2ban service, only then did it start to actually block incoming hits.
I think this should be verified by programmers group and maybe include a fix in some future minor update.
I have updated from 11.5 to 12.0 mostly in order to use Fail2Ban.
I have also installed a new Plesk 12 license key to make sure that the license allows Fail2Ban. It says now that Fail2Ban is "On". But I can not find the menu entry to get to the Fail2Ban configuration. It is simply not there... (it is supposed to be in the Securitiy menu in the Tools and Settings section...)
Fehler: f2bmng failed: Job for fail2ban.service failed. See 'systemctl status fail2ban.service' and 'journalctl -xn' for details. ERROR:f2bmng:Failed to start fail2ban service
-- Unit fail2ban.service has failed. -- -- The result is failed.
Aug 20 14:22:13 noreply.flusiserver.de systemd: Unit fail2ban.service entered failed state. Aug 20 14:22:14 noreply.flusiserver.de agetty: /dev/hvc0: No such file or directoryClick to expand...
There is a strange problem with the new feature fail2ban. I have noticed that a local ip address (ip address from the webserver itself) was added to the blocked ip addresses of fail2ban now for the second time. What I can see is that it was the recidive jail.
If there is nginx used as reverse proxy you get a "502 Bad Gateway". Any way to find out more about the reason why an ip address is added to the list of blocked ip addresses in fail2ban?
we use CentOS Linux 7.0.1406 (Core) Plesk Version 12.0.18 Update #26 I got reports of several users on my system, and i can confirm this myself, that fail2ban is blocking courier imap and postfix connections when i try to connect to the Plesk Server with Outlook 2013 and theBat and the Apple Mac Mail Client.
I used the correct login information but fail2ban blocked the IPs for no obvious reason:
2014-12-03 12:46:57,908 fail2ban.actions: WARNING [plesk-postfix] Ban 22.214.171.124 2014-12-03 12:46:58,049 fail2ban.actions: WARNING [plesk-courierimap] Ban 126.96.36.199 I disabled the two jails now and it works perfectly. But why is fail2ban blocking valid requests ? I tried it myself and i did not enter a wrong password or something. MaxRetry is 5 so this should not be a problem. The problem is not affecting all users but just a few. However all of them are using correct credentials so i dont understand why they are being blocked at all.
I am not able to enable the recidive jail in Fail2Ban. I get the following error:
Code: Unable to switch on the selected jails: f2bmng failed: WARNING 'ignoreregex' not defined in 'Definition'. Using default one: '' ERROR No file(s) found for glob /var/log/fail2ban.log ERROR Failed during configuration: Have not found any log file for recidive jail ERROR:f2bmng:Command '['/usr/bin/fail2ban-client', 'reload', 'recidive']' returned non-zero exit status 255 ERROR:f2bmng:Failed to reload following jails due to errors in configuration: recidive . There is indeed no /var/log/fail2ban.log, but I doubt that manually creating it will correctly fix this problem.
The problem is also discussed @ [URL] ...., but in my case I have not switched on jails before switching on fail2ban. Also, the given resolution does not work.
We are successfully using fail2ban on our server (CentOS 6.6, Plesk 12.0.18), that is, jails running and blocking potential intruders
However, we tried to create a custom jail for the CMS that is being used by most of our clients.
I followed the instructions (Tools & Settings > IP Address Banning (Fail2Ban) > Jails > Manage Filters > Add Filter) and created the filter I wanted, but then it does not appear in the list, even though it displays a message reading that the filter was created successfully. Then, if I try to create a new Jail, the filter is not available from the list.
Looking at the directory /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/ I can find a file that has the same name as the filter I created, with a .local extension (the file name does not contain whitespaces or other special characters)...
I have a brand new Plesk 12 Installation with just a first Subscription/Domain for my test. Enabling fail2ban jails brings me the following error for the jails plesk-proftpd and ssh. All others went on.
error 'f2bmng failed: ERROR No file(s) found for glob /var/log/secure'.
I see that /var/log/secure is missing, althoug I already used ssh and ftp to log in once. I can go to touch the /var/log/secure file or adjust the jail configs to proper log file location? Which is the way to go?